2011 National Household Survey: Income of Canadians

11 Sept 2013

The 2011 National Household Survey: Income of Canadians was released today. New data from the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) show that more than 95% of the approximately 27.3 million Canadians aged 15 and over received some form of income in 2010. Ontario, with a share of income from employment of 74.8%, was close to the national level of 74.7%.

Persons living in low-income neighbourhoods

The NHS collected data for over 5,000 neighbourhoods, or census tracts, across Canada, accounting for close to
three-quarters of the Canadian population. Neighbourhoods were considered low-income neighbourhoods if 30% or more of the people living there had low income. Very low-income neighbourhoods were defined as a subset of the low-income neighbourhoods where 40% or more of the population had low income.

Overall, there were 478 low-income neighbourhoods in 2010. Nearly one-fifth (18.9%) of the low-income population
living in neighbourhoods lived in these low-income neighbourhoods. Of these 478 low-income
neighbourhoods, 137 were classified as very low-income neighbourhoods and contained 6.5% of low-income
Canadians living in neighbourhoods.

Just under half (48.5%) of the total Canadian population living in census tracts lived in the three largest CMAs of
Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver. Close to three-fifths (58.6%) of all low-income neighbourhoods in Canada were
located in these three metropolitan areas.

Sherbrooke had the highest proportion of its low-income population living in low-income neighbourhoods (44.5%).
Other CMAs or census agglomerations with relatively high proportions of low-income persons living in low-income
neighbourhoods were Windsor (40.6%), Trois-Rivières (39.2%), Montréal (33.6%), Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
(33.0%), Saint John (30.6%) and Winnipeg (30.4%).

See the full report at: 2011 National Household Survey – Income of Canadians